Investigating Different Memory Pathways L2 Learners use: A Practical Application to the Brain Compatible Learning



Shiraz Azad University


Memory is not a single entity. It is a gift of Mother Nature,
the ability of living organisms to retain and to utilize acquired knowl-
edge. Memory is precisely related to learning, in that memory in biolog-
ical systems entails learning and that learning implies retention of such
information. Memory can be divided into multifaceted systems. The
renaissance of encephalon compatible learning applies the new brain
research to teaching and learning. This revolution will change school
start times and discipline, continuous assessment, teaching strategies,
budget priorities, classroom ambience, use of hi-tech, and even the way
we think of physical education. But before considering the practical
applications of this research, it is necessary to have a useful model
for deciphering it. This study investigates the memory pathways that
a group of EFL learners in Iran were inclined to use, the factors af-
fecting this, and conscious recollection/retrieval in learning second lan-
guage. The researcher studied the individuals’ memory/learning readi-
ness before going to school, investigated their memory self-efficacy, and
determined which memory pathway(s) was/were preferred by L2 learn-
ers. The researcher gathered data using three instruments, researcher
made Self-report Measure of Memory (SRMM), Bandura’s Memory Self-
Efficacy Questionnaire (MSEQ) followed by the researcher-made Self-
report Memory/learning Readiness Interview (SMRI). Both descriptive
statistics (mean scores, variances, standard deviations, and frequencies)
and inferential statistics were run on the data. The results of the first
instrument (SRMM), the interview (SMRI), and MSEQ were in agree-
ment with theories, experiments, and hypotheses mentioned.